Bell Front Horns
Upright Bell Horns
A large unaltered or refurbished single
twist brass conical-bored military bugle ca 1860 with bell garland
(reinforce), typical of the larger bugles issued and used by both northern
and southern bugler-musicians during the American Civil War. Bugle is 15"
long without the "pig-tail" with a bell diameter of 5 5/8". These large mid
19th century bugles were often referred to in military requisition documents
as by their French name of "Clarion". Unlike their modern counterparts,
when played, these large conical-bored bugles/clarions produced a very
distinctive dark mellow sound/tone, similar to, but even darker of tone then
the modern flugelhorn found in today's British-style brass bands. This
example, like many others is equipped with an original detachable "pig-tail"
crook. Based on its construction, pigtail in all likelihood is original to
this particular bugle. When the instrument is "sounded" with it's "pigtail"
attached, it produces a tone in the key of B flat. While the maker and
country of origin are anonymous, most of the surviving bugles of this type
found today were unmarked. The majority were imported from Europe (usually
Germany) In the early days of the Civil War, when demand for military
equipage was greater than the supply, bugles, like other items necessary to
equip large armies were in short supply and it was by far cheaper for
northern and southern government contractors to import them.
Instrument Notes by Mark Elrod
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